Tips to Know Fiber Optic Cable
While there are many types of fiber optic cable available, choosing the correct type depends on your specific application. There are three main types: Multimode, Armored, and Micro distribution. The first type is for long-range data transmission. Multimode fiber optic cable is a great choice for a variety of applications, especially for data networking and telecommunications. Before choosing a particular type of fiber optic cable, you should consider future-proofing and cost, as well as the requirements of your network.
Multimode fiber optic cable
The multimode fiber optic cable is a type of optical fiber. It has a larger core diameter than the single-mode variety, usually 50 or 62.5 microns. This feature enables multiple rays of light to propagate simultaneously, allowing for greater distances for transmission. The multimode cable can transmit up to 550 meters at 10 gigabits per second (Git/s). Other typical distance limits are 2 km and 1 km, depending on the type and core diameter.
Multimode fiber optic cables are more flexible and future-proof than single-mode fiber optic cables. This means that you can increase the data rate without sacrificing the length, unlike with single-mode cables. Moreover, multimode fibers are cheaper and easier to work with. Depending on your needs, you can choose between single-mode and multimode cables.
The ISO/IEC 11801 standard classifies multimode fiber optic cable into five types, based on their core diameter, bandwidth, and distance. These five categories are further separated by color. Multimode fibers in the OM1 category, for example, typically have an orange jacket. They have a core diameter of 62.5 micrometers and are most suitable for 100 Megabit Ethernet applications.
Multimode fibers are more efficient than single-mode fibers, and they can be manufactured more easily. This can result in significant savings on cooling and transceivers. Moreover, multimode fibers are easier to install and terminate in the field.
Armored fiber optic cable
Armored fiber optic cable is a superior solution for the secure distribution of data. It protects fiber links from damage and has the advantage of lowering installation and material costs. Compared to standard fiber optic cables, armored cables also have lower risks of damage. In addition to these benefits, armored cable is easier to install and requires less space.
Armored fiber optic cable is designed to withstand a wide variety of environments. For example, it is ideal for multi-story building applications and floors that need mechanical protection. Its helically wrapped aluminum armor provides a durable layer of protection against mechanical damage. Moreover, it meets all the standards of the National Electric Code (NEC).
Armored fiber optic cable can withstand extreme temperatures. It is ideal for mission-critical applications and is available in IP68 rated outdoor versions. This cable is also ideal for extending fiber networks across buildings or to mobile communications. In addition to being more flexible, these cables can withstand external variables such as moisture and rodents.
Armored fiber optic cable comes in both single-mode and multimode varieties. It is designed to withstand up to 7 times the force of conventional fiber. This increases the safety margin, and its increased pull tension makes fiber installations easier to handle.
Micro distribution fiber optic cable
Micro Distribution Fiber Optic Cable (MDFC) is a high-density cable used in local area networks. It can be composed of two or 144 strands of fiber. It provides high-density transmission while requiring little physical space. It is available in both plenum and riser ratings.
Its design is similar to that of a standard distribution cable, except that its strands are color-coded. The fibers in strands 1 to 12 are colored according to TIA/EIA standards, while those in strands 13-24 have a black ink dot every six mm. Micro-distribution cable does not have a build-up plastic layer, making it less durable than standard distribution cable. Micro-distribution cables are generally less expensive and smaller than standard distribution cables.
Micro Distribution cable is an excellent choice for data centers and premise networks. Its small size and plenum-rated PVC jacket make it ideal for indoor riser applications. It is resistant to rodents and is compatible with all connector systems. It can transmit a 10Gbps signal for up to 1,000 feet without losing connection.